There is a record of handball-style games that go back to ancient times. Urania (described in Odyssey by Homer) played by the ancient Greeks, Harpaston played by the Romans (and described by Roman physician Claudius Galenus in AD 130-200), and Fangballspiel German lyric poet Walter von der Fogelbaide ( 1170-1230) featured “the ancient game of handball.
Modern handball first began in the late 19th century. 안전놀이터 Real impulses emanated from Denmark, Germany, and Sweden. The founder of field handball is probably a German sports expert who recognized field handball as a separate sport at the turn of the century based on the games Raffball and Königsbergerball (Konrad Koch). 1846-1911). It was G. Wallström who introduced a particular sport called “handball” to Sweden in 1910.
The sport’s international governing body was first formed in 1928 as the International Handball Amateur Federation and used its current name as the International Handball Federation (IHF) in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1946. The first president of the IHF was Avery Brundage, an American who became president of the International Olympic Committee.
Handball is now played on all habitable continents on the planet. It is estimated that about 7 million players are registered with the club. Many European clubs are professional and some have players worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. Professional clubs in Asia (Korea, China, Japan) are being formed and are considered very competitive on the international stage. Africa, America, and Oceania (our region) are mainly made up of amateur clubs, but they are very passionate.
Learn The Rules and How To Play
The objective of the game is to throw the ball into the opponent’s goal. Defenders may use their body to make contact with attackers to prevent them from having a clear shot at goal. Attackers attempt to break through the defense or shoot over the top of them to score a goal. Two teams compete with 6 court players and 1 goalkeeper playing per team. Substitutions can be made at any time. Each goal counts as 1 point and games regularly finish with teams having scored over 20 points.
The game is played on a 40m long and 20m wide court with 2m high and 3m wide nets at either end. The game consists of two 30 minute time periods with a 10/15 minute rest in between. All players alternate between an attacking position and a defending position, depending on who has possession of the ball. The ball is usually moved around the court by passing and dribbling however, as in basketball, you cannot double-dribble. Players can hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds before having to pass or dribble. Players can take up to three steps while holding the ball.
Goalkeepers stand in a 6m goal area that court players are not allowed to be in, however they may leap into this area whilst shooting provided they shoot before they land. Goalkeepers can leave their goal area when not in possession of the ball and participate as a court player.
Attacking players must take their shots at goal from outside an arc marked on the playing surface, within which only the defending goalkeeper may play. Free throws (usually passes to a teammate) are awarded for minor violations of rules and taken from the spot of the violation or from a line a short distance outside the goal area, or circle. Penalty throws at goal are awarded for more serious infractions and are taken from a penalty mark just outside the circle and directly in front of the goal.
The two principal forms of team handball differ in number of players and dimensions of the field. The ball used in both is 58–60 cm (about 23–24 inches) in circumference and weighs 425–475 grams (15–17 ounces); women and younger players use a smaller ball. For the seven-man game, usually played indoors, the court is 40 metres (131.2 feet) long and 20 metres (65.6 feet) wide, the goal cage is 2 metres (6.5 feet) high and 3 metres (9.8 feet) wide, and the goal-area line is 6 metres (19.7 feet) from the centre of the goal. For the 11-man game, usually played outdoors, the playing area is 90–110 metres (295–360 feet) long and 55–65 metres (180–213 feet) wide, the goal is 2.44 metres (8 feet) high and 7.32 metres (24 feet) wide, and the goal circle is 13 metres (43 feet) from the goal.
Handball in its present form developed in Europe in the 1920s from earlier games. The game, in its 11-man outdoor version, first appeared at the Olympics in 1936. It was subsequently dropped from the Olympics but returned as the 7-man indoor game in 1972. Women’s team handball became an Olympic sport in 1976. The Fédération Internationale de Handball is the world governing body.